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DEFINITIONS OF DIABETIC TERMS H to N

Hallucination perceptions of something that is not there; unrelated to reality; may be associated with any of the senses e.g. taste, sight, auditory, visual of taste or touch; associated with psychological, or psychiatric illnesses or pathological conditions of the brain; may be stimulated by drugs; hallucinations are not the same as dreams or illusions

Hemiplegia also hemiparesis; a paralysis of one side of the body; associated with disease of the opposite side of the brain

Hemodialysis removal of waste products from the blood by filtration through an artificial membrane, used in treatment of persons with kidney failure

Hyperglycemia excess level of glucose in the blood;

Hypertension blood pressure: elevation of the arterial blood pressure above the normal range expected for an age group

Hypoglycemia very low blood glucose level. Below 4 mmol/l

Impotence male erectile dysfunction causing inability to have sexual intercourse

Insulin a protein hormone produced by the pancreas that functions to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood. Synthetic insulin are used in the treatment of type 1 diabetics

Intermittent Claudication cramping pain brought on by exercise and relieved by rest due to decreased blood supply to the muscles of the limb

Intravenous within or into a vein

Ischemia inadequate blood flow to a body part caused by a blockage in the blood vessel

Lethargy mental and physical sluggishness, inactivity and unresponsiveness

Lens a transparent, crystalline structure that is found behind the pupil of the eye

Macrovascular of the large blood vessels of the body

Metabolic of the metabolism; the chemical and physical changes that take place in the body enabling it to continue living and functioning

Metabolic Changes normal metabolism is interrupted or altered due to an abnormality of disease condition

Microvascular of the very small blood vessels in the body

Myocardial Infarction death of a part of the heart muscle due to oxygen starvation because the blood supply has been interrupted

Myocardium the muscle of the heart; this is the middle layer of the three layers of the heart

Necrosis death of the cells (some or all) in an organ; caused by disease, chemicals, injury or lack of oxygen supply; associated with gangrene

Necrotic adjective related to necrosis

Neuroglycopenia glucose deficiency to the brain caused by hypoglycemia
;
Nocturnal of the night

Nonketotic Hyperglycemic-Hyperosmolar Coma diabetic coma caused by extreme dehydration associated with a blood glucose level of >55mmol/l and found on Type 11 diabetics
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