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COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES MELLITUS

INTRODUCTION TO COMPLICATIONS OF TYPE 1 & TYPE 2 DIABETES

The complications of Diabetes Mellitus can be avoided by paying consistent attention to the control of your sugar from the time that you are diagnosed as a diabetic.

The list of possible diabetes complications is lengthy, and can affect virtually every system in your body. For this reason it is essential that you are aware of the possible complications of diabetes so that you can seriously consider the implications of maintaining your treatment regimen. Most of these diabetic complications are caused by long term uncontrolled hyperglycemia They are usually not noticeable until the symptoms are severe and traumatic both emotionally and physically. The damage is relatively slow, but progressive over time. Once they have worsened to the extent that you FEEL something is not right, there is usually permanent damage.

This sounds serious and quite frightening. However, the good news is that maintaining good control of your diabetes will prevent these complications from happening. You can achieve this control through:

Prescribed treatment.
Regular blood glucose testing.
Dietary regulation.
Exercise.
Regular medical check-ups.

EARLY SYMPTOMS OF HYPERGLYCEMIA

So, what happens to the body when diabetes is not controlled?

The first thing that happens is that the glucose level in the blood rises to levels that are higher than the normal limits for body functioning (hyperglycemia). This causes the body to react in various ways.

Diabetic Complications - HYPERGLYCEMIA High blood glucose will be accompanied by glucose in the urine (glucosuria) as the kidneys try to assist in bringing the blood glucose levels down.

The high glucose content of the urine will cause the kidneys to excrete more urine and the diabetic may experience frequent urination (polyuria) that in turn will cause increased thirst (polydipsia) Excessive urination can lead to dehydration

Diabetic Complications - HYPERGLYCEMIA Hyperglycemia may also cause blurring of vision, extreme tiredness, nausea, and weight loss.

Diabetic Complications - HYPERGLYCEMIA Women may experience increased incidence of vaginal candidiasis (thrush).

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